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What is Cannabidiol (CBD Oil)? The Uses & Benefits

Want to know the miracles of cannabidiol (CBD)? Endocannabidiol is natural and crucial to our body- it interacts with CBD to produce a cascade of health benefits.

Cannabidiol, CBD or hemp oil has gotten a lot of attention in recent months after it was legalized in many parts of the world. The latest scientific journals are referring to its extensive benefits and hence, it is appealing to a wide range of people. Cannabis is native to Central Asia and India while hemp was one of the earliest plants to be cultivated: these two plants have been an important source of food, medicine, and fiber for thousands of years.  

What is Cannabidiol (CBD)

Cannabidiol is a naturally occurring chemical compound found in cannabis or marijuana plant. CBD is extracted from this plant and mixed with a base oil to create CBD oil. While cannabis and marijuana are associated with ‘getting high’ and subsequent addiction, CBD is not psychoactive and it does not have any intoxicating effect. You’ve probably heard that cannabidiol helps you to relax and is great for anxiety, but the benefits it provides include relief from many other conditions such as chronic pain, insomnia, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, and cancer. 

Scientists have been researching CBD since the 1970s; in recent years, a number of scientific studies have highlighted its use in treating certain medical conditions. Hence, CBD oil was legalized in all 50 states in the U.S. and in many countries across the globe. 

How Cannabidiol (CBD) Works

Endocannabinoids and their receptors (CB1 & CB2) are naturally produced within the body; these are found not just in the brain, but many other organs, glands, connective tissues as well as in immune cells. The network of these cell receptors is known as the endocannabinoid system or the ECS and it is activated by endocannabinoids, like a plug-in mechanism, to create a cascade of beneficial effects and to harmonize our body. 

CBD interacts with this our endocannabinoid system (ECS) to help improve its function and efficiency. Apart from that, CDB has an affinity for serotonin receptors, it activates it to control anxiety and regulate inflammation and pain. This is why we see many health and medicinal benefits from CBD.

Health Benefits of CBD

CBD oil is sold in the market as a dietary or health supplement. It is already in use to treat many medical conditions. The legalization of CBD has paved the way for extensive research on cannabinoid-based treatments. Below, we have highlighted the latest research on CBD’s benefits:

Anti-inflammatory and Pain Reduction

Several studies have examined the link between CBD and its analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. CBD, when applied topically or taken internally helps to ease pain, including chronic and neuropathic pain as well as pain due to cancer. It is also a natural and non-addictive alternative to painkillers like opioids and NSAIDs. 

CBD acts as an immunosuppressant, which means it can calm the immune system to show an anti-inflammatory effect. 

Antidepressant & Anti-anxiety 

Anxiety and depression are the most common disorders of the modern world. Many human and animal-based studies have suggested that CBD has antidepressant-like effects. Many doctors use CBD oil as a part of their regular therapy to treat patients suffering from anxiety and depression. 

CBD acts on the paralimbic system of the brain to reduce stress and anxiety. It also helps people to relax and experience bliss, both of which contribute to CBD’s stress-relieving effects. 

CBD oil is also used to treat post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children. 

Better Sleep

Sleep duration and quality are often affected by anxiety. Drugs used for anxiety and insomnia can lead to dependence. Hence, patients who suffer from insomnia often look for natural and non-addictive medicine to put an end to their sleepless nights. 

CBD oil is an amazing and all-natural way to get you to sleep. A proper dosage of CBD oil is crucial to experience its sleep beneficial effects. 

One study on patients suffering from insomnia showed improvement in the sleep duration and quality of the subjects after regularly taking CBD oil supplements. 

Nausea & Seizures

A study stated that CBD can benefit children with epileptic seizures and chemotherapy-induced nausea. 

Many studies are underway to suggest if it could help more types of epilepsy and to understand safe and optimal dosing. 

Also, CBD helps to alleviate symptoms related to cancer like nausea, anorexia, and pain. 


The anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive effect of CBD oil makes it a perfect remedy for acne. Many in-vitro studies endorse the ability of CBD to treat acne. CBD inhibits sebum production in the sebaceous glands and hence, prevents the formation of acne. 

Not just that, CBD is a potent anti-oxidant and thus it prevents free radicals from causing damage to your skin and also reduces aging. 

Cardiovascular Diseases 

High blood pressure causes stroke, heart attacks, and other cardiovascular diseases. CBD acts directly on the vascular system to lower or even prevent high blood pressure. 

A study on cannabis compared its effects on non-users and current users. The results showed higher levels of HDL or high-density lipids in current users. HDL or “good cholesterol” scavenge on low-density lipids (LDL) or “bad cholesterol” to maintain the health of blood vessels. 

Some trials on animals have also shown a slow progression of atherosclerosis after cannabidiol oral intake. 

Diabetes & Obesity

The Anti-inflammatory and neurological effect of CBD contributes to its ability to benefit diabetic patients in several ways. Researchers have demonstrated that CBD helps the body to convert white fat into weight-reducing brown fat which helps people to lose weight or prevent additional weight gain. A high level of insulin converts sugar into fat and leads to obesity, CBD intake decreases the level of insulin and increases the level of HDL. 

CBD also suppresses arterial inflammation experienced in diabetic patients, which can lead to cardiovascular diseases. CBD also prevents nerve inflammation and eases the pain of diabetic neuropathy. 

Multiple Sclerosis 

Multiple sclerosis is a disease of the central nervous system, which occurs when the bodies immune system starts to attack the coating (myelin) of nerve fibers. 

Cannabidiol is widely used for symptomatic treatment of multiple sclerosis. It reduces pain, spasticity, fatigue and ultimately improves mobility in patients with multiple sclerosis. 

Does CBD Oil Have Any Side Effects

CBD oil is largely sold as a food supplement and a majority of its users do not experience any noticeable side effects. However, some of its mild physical and mental effects include:

  • Dry mouth
  • Drowsiness
  • Increased appetite
  • Increased pulse rate

It is important to consult your GP if you are under medications as CBD might interact with common prescription medicines. In 2017 the World Health Organization (WHO) released a report which concluded that, in its pure state, cannabidiol does not appear to have abuse potential or cause harm. You should also not consume CBD oil and its products if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.